Bath Salts and Mephedrone

 
          Different synthetic drugs have been created as the “legal” alternative to marijuana.  One of these synthetic drugs is known by the generic term bath salts.  The term is used to describe many different types of synthetic drugs created by a variety of companies.  Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse Nora D. Volkow describes how bath salts often contain various amphetamine chemicals which create a high very similar to drugs like cocaine. Bath salts also contain Mephedrone, a stimulant that can cause overdose. Mephedrone is chemically related to methamphetamine, so the effects are similar. These effects include increased sex drive, alertness, excitement, euphoria, nausea, heart palpitations, paranoia, and headaches. Mephedrone is addictive and it can cause intense cravings. 
 
 

         Xylazine (a.k.a. “Anestesia de Caballo”)

            In Puerto Rico, a common horse tranquilizer is gaining popularity as the new drug of choice on the island. It’s name is Xylazine and it is commonly referred to as the “zombie drug” because of its effects on the human body.  Xylazine was never intended for human consumption. It is a veterinary medicine used to anesthetize horses during dental work and castration. The effect on humans hasn’t been studied on a wide scale. However, the known human effects of Xylazine include nodding  in and out of consciousness, slurring of speech, sedation, confusion, and muscle relaxation. An abstract of a study conducted by various physicians was posted on the National Center for Biotechnology Informationwebsite. This study explored results from a small survey of Xylazine users.  A small scale study also published in the Journal of Urban Health on June 2012 found that 80% of the people surveyed had used Xylazine knowingly or unknowingly.  The study also reported that 15 of the 87 participants had an overdose episode and 25 of the 87 participants suffered skin lesions. Participants of the study abused Xylazine for an average of three years.
         Puerto Rico is a U.S. territory so it is possible for this new drug to gain ground in the continental U.S. There are always risks associated with any type of drug and these risks are further complicated when people aren’t familiar with the drug they are abusing. Illicit drug use is not always limited to the most popular drugs because many people are consistently looking for new ways to get high. Parents should be wary of these new drugs that are entering the black market. If you have any questions about these drugs or any other drugs, please call us at Inspirations Teen Rehab at (888) 757-6237. Our knowledgeable counselors will be able to answer all of your questions for free.