Cocaine Abuse Overview
Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that is derived from the leaves of the coca plant. It is usually snorted, but it can also be mixed with water and injected. Crack is a form of cocaine. Crack users mix cocaine with other chemicals to form crack rocks, which are smoked. Common slang names for cocaine include coke, nose candy, blow, freebase, and snow.
Some common names for Cocaine are: Beam, C, California Corn Flakes, Candy C, Coca, Crack, Dream, Florida Snow, Foo-Foo Dust, Happy Trails, Paradise, Sleigh Ride, Teenager, Zip.
How Teens Abuse Cocaine?
Three routes of administration are commonly used for cocaine: snorting, injecting, and smoking. Snorting is the process of inhaling cocaine powder through the nose, where it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the nasal tissues. Injecting is the use of a needle to insert the drug directly into the bloodstream. Smoking involves inhaling cocaine vapor or smoke into the lungs, where absorption into the bloodstream is as rapid as by injection. All three methods of cocaine abuse can lead to addiction and other severe health problems, including increasing the risk of contracting HIV and other infectious diseases.
The intensity and duration of cocaine’s effects—which include increased energy, reduced fatigue, and mental alertness—depend on the route of drug administration. The faster cocaine is absorbed into the bloodstream and delivered to the brain, the more intense the high. Injecting or smoking cocaine produces a quicker, stronger high than snorting. On the other hand, faster absorption usually means shorter duration of action: the high from snorting cocaine may last 15 to 30 minutes, but the high from smoking may last only 5 to 10 minutes. In order to sustain the high, a cocaine abuser has to administer the drug again. For this reason, cocaine is sometimes abused in binges—taken repeatedly within a relatively short period of time, at increasingly higher doses.
What Adverse Effects Does Cocaine Have on Health?
Abusing cocaine has a variety of adverse effects on the body. For example, cocaine constricts blood vessels, dilates pupils, and increases body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. It can also cause headaches and gastrointestinal complications such as abdominal pain and nausea. Because cocaine tends to decrease appetite, chronic users can become malnourished as well.
Different methods of taking cocaine can produce different adverse effects. Regular intranasal use (snorting) of cocaine, for example, can lead to loss of the sense of smell; nosebleeds; problems with swallowing; hoarseness; and a chronically runny nose. Ingesting cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene as a result of reduced blood flow. Injecting cocaine can bring about severe allergic reactions and increased risk for contracting HIV and other blood-borne diseases. Binge-patterned cocaine use may lead to irritability, restlessness, and anxiety. Cocaine abusers can also experience severe paranoia—a temporary state of full-blown paranoid psychosis—in which they lose touch with reality and experience auditory hallucinations.
Regardless of the route or frequency of use, cocaine abusers can experience acute cardiovascular or cerebrovascular emergencies, such as a heart attack or stroke, which may cause sudden death. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizure followed by respiratory arrest.
Cocaine Treatment Options
Cocaine is a costly drug and users may steal money or sell valuables to pay for it. Get help for your loved one before it is too late! We offer cocaine addiction treatment programs for teens. The program lasts 30 to 90 days and focus on helping the clients discover the reasons why they became addicted and why they need cocaine addiction help. Addiction counselors will help the client to learn more about themselves and any issues they have while recovering in a safe, casual environment.
However, you may need to arrange an intervention with our Intervention Dream Team before your loved one will be ready to go to a cocaine addiction help rehab. An intervention is important for the addict who is in denial. Some addicts may say there is no problem or believe that they have their addiction under control. However, studies show only 1 out of every 4 regular cocaine users is able to quit without a cocaine addiction help program. Those who don’t quit will eventually suffer from sinus problems, frequent nose bleeds, intense paranoia, heart problems, and depression.
The Intervention Dream Team will set up the entire intervention and lead you through the process. The interventionists will make it as easy as possible for you and your loved one. After the intervention is successful, your loved one will be on his or her way to the cocaine addiction help program at our facility.
Our Cocaine Addiction Program utilizes:
- Music and art therapy
- Behavioral therapy
- Group counseling
- Educational seminars
- Daily exercise
- One-on-one meetings with an addiction counselor
Our teenagers in the cocaine addiction program will also participate in family counseling. At our rehab center, we believe the family is an important part of the addict’s recovery process. Clients and their families will meet with a family therapist to discuss any problems or issues that happened before the client came to our facility. The therapist will work with the families to teach them how to properly support the teen when he or she leaves cocaine addiction treatment rehab at our facility. We have found that the family also requires counseling to heal from the chaos and destruction that is usually brought on by the negative behavior of the drug addict. Family therapy is a time for both reconciliation and healing.