Crack is known for its highly addictive quality and bloom in the 1980s. Is it popular? Yes. Is this drug problematic? Incredibly. Crack use and abuse has many negative consequences. The Foundation for a Drug Free World (FDFW) stated that the short term effects of crack cocaine include: loss of appetite, increased heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature, contracted blood vessels, dialed pupils, disturbed sleep patterns, nausea, hyper stimulation, violent behavior, hallucinations, irritability, intense euphoria, anxiety, paranoia, depressions, drug craving, panic, psychosis, and convulsions. In some cases, seizures and death (even after one use) has occurred.
Furthermore, Dr. Charles P. O’Brien from the University of Pennsylvania observed that those who first tried crack became addicted within six months to one year. Dr. O’Brien also inferred that even with treating over 100 crack patients, he “never had one who didn’t relapse at least once”. Additionally, Dr. O’Brien, estimated that “only a very small percentage, 25% or less of crack addicts remain drug free for even six months in treatment programs”.
The 2007 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health showed that the national rate of people 12 years and older that have used cocaine in the last year was 2.1%. Although fewer people are trying crack for the first time, crack is still readily available on the streets. You may think that addiction won’t happen to you or a loved one, but there is always the uncertainty that it may.